Arthur Dominique Rozaire

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"Autumn Landscape"
Oil on wood
10 1/2 x 13 3/4 inches

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Born in Montreal as Arthur Rozaire on January 17, 1879, the son of a decorative designer. He received his art education in classes at Quebec Council of Arts and Manufactures at Monument Nationale under Edmond Dyonnet. Next, he studied at the Art Association of Montreal under Brymner and also under Maurice Cullen. He first exhibited in the Montreal Spring Shows in 1900 and continued to show his work there until 1917.

He was known for his landscapes and developed quickly into a skilled painter recording the beauties of the Quebec landscape with great sensitivity. He was especially effective in his treatment of sunlight and night scenes both of which displayed his fine shadowing. He painted as well, scenes of Montreal, Westmount, Mount Royal, and rural areas (the hills, lakes and rivers of the Laurentians). Often there would be figures or cattle in his rural landscapes. Times of day (early morning or sunset) fascinated him for their array of delicate colours. The National Gallery of Canada acquired three of his canvases between 1915 and 1917. He moved to Los Angeles, California in 1917 where his work was very well received.

Critic Anthony Anderson in 1921 wrote, "...Mr. Rozaire differentiates the seasons with remarkable sureness of hand, especially in his Canadian subjects. Here he is more 'realistic', if I may use that often misused word, though in the nice discriminations of his realism he never loosens his firm, yet tender, clasp on idealism on the poetical. If you prefer to call it that. His poetry dwells first in his choice of subject, second in his handling of it. His feeling is as exquisite as his sight is keen. All this in Canada, but not always in California, where the glory of our sunshine has bewitched him to such an extent that nothing but feeling seems to be left--hence perhaps, the picture that he calls 'Poetic Emotion'. The poetic emotion is also very much in evidence in the larger canvases--in the gloriously red, orange and green scheme of Bal Masque, in the moonlight and mystery of the The Pilgrimage, in that vivid glimpse... of fairyland entitled Late Afternoon of the Beach in the night-time beauty of The Mission Church, and even in The Bathers."

He was active in art circles and served as judge for the California Art Club and participated in the Royal Canadian Academy exhibitions even after his move to California. Rozaire died of pneumonia at the age of 43 on February 26, 1922, leaving a wife and six children.

Works Held: National Gallery of Canada; Montreal Museum of Fine Arts; Art Gallery of Hamilton; California Art Club; and elsewhere.

Sources: Hughes, Edan M. Artists In California 1786-1940. 3rd ed. Vol. 1. Sacramento: Crocker, Art Museum, 2002. N. pag. 2 vols. Print.